Photo Essay: Inside Chernobyl nuclear plant

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Inside the untouched Chernobyl control center of the third reactor.Gleb Garanich/Reute

26 April 2018 | Sarah Jacobs | Business Insider

On April 26, 1986, a radioactive release many times as large as the that of the Hiroshima bomboccurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union.

Chernobyl would go down in history as one of the worst nuclear disasters.

The explosion at the plant in Pripyat, Ukraine, blasted radioactive gas and dust into the air, and winds carried it across central and southern Europe. More than 30 people died, and thousands of lives have been affected by the exposure to radiation.

About 150,000 people were forced to evacuate their homes in the “nuclear exclusion zone” within an 18-mile radius of the plant. The town hardest hit was Pripyat, which remains empty.

In 2012, construction began on the New Safe Confinement, a structure to cover part of Chernobyl.

Here are 19 photos that go inside the eerie Chernobyl plant and the New Safe Confinement.

The cause of the explosion at Chernobyl was twofold. The first major issue was that the power station had faulty construction and what the physicist and Nobel laureate Hans Bethe has called “built-in instability.”

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Gleb Garanich/Reuters

At the time of the accident, the power station had four 1,000-megawatt power reactors, and a fifth was in the works.

At the time of the accident, the power station had four 1,000-megawatt power reactors, and a fifth was in the works.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

One issue was the reactor’s containment structure. Built entirely with concrete, it should have been reinforced with steel.

One issue was the reactor's containment structure. Built entirely with concrete, it should have been reinforced with steel.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

The more direct cause of the explosion was an electrical-engineering experiment gone extremely awry.

The more direct cause of the explosion was an electrical-engineering experiment gone extremely awry.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Engineers wanted to see whether they could draw electricity from turbine generators while the reactors were turned off, but the turbines were still spinning.

Engineers wanted to see whether they could draw electricity from turbine generators while the reactors were turned off, but the turbines were still spinning.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

To conduct their experiment, they had to turn off many of the power station’s automatic safety controls and remove most of the plant’s control rods, which absorb neutrons and limit the reaction.

To conduct their experiment, they had to turn off many of the power station's automatic safety controls and remove most of the plant's control rods, which absorb neutrons and limit the reaction.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

In a crunch for time, the engineers turned the reactor’s power levels down much too quickly.

In a crunch for time, the engineers turned the reactor's power levels down much too quickly.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

That mistake led to another series of destructive choices, eventually leading to a massive chemical explosion.

That mistake led to another series of destructive choices, eventually leading to a massive chemical explosion.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

 

Pieces of burning metal went in the air, and some caused fires where they landed. Because of the poisonous radiation, the Chernobyl site was designated a permanent no-go.

Pieces of burning metal went in the air, and some caused fires where they landed. Because of the poisonous radiation, the Chernobyl site was designated a permanent no-go.

A house in the abandoned village of Zalesye.Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Here’s the original control center of the third reactor at the nuclear power plant.

Here's the original control center of the third reactor at the nuclear power plant.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

To enter the city today, visitors must go through security checks and have proper authorization and a tour guide.

To enter the city today, visitors must go through security checks and have proper authorization and a tour guide.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Radioactive water, ground soil, and air still affect those around the “nuclear exclusion zone.”

Radioactive water, ground soil, and air still affect those around the "nuclear exclusion zone."

A visitor holds a butterfly found in a pump room at Chernobyl.Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Greenpeace has estimated that tens of thousands people could die of health issues caused by the accident at Chernobyl.

Greenpeace has estimated that tens of thousands people could die of health issues caused by the accident at Chernobyl.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Source: Greenpeace

Construction began on the New Safe Confinement structure over part of the damaged reactor in 2012. It has a computerized ventilation system inside.

Construction began on the New Safe Confinement structure over part of the damaged reactor in 2012. It has a computerized ventilation system inside.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Source: Greenpeace

 

Here, workers sweep radioactive dust outside the nuclear plant.

Here, workers sweep radioactive dust outside the nuclear plant.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Though humans can’t live in the area, scientists say it’s possible that the number of animals there is now higher than it was 30 years ago. Today, you can find elk, deer, wolves, bison, and dozens of other species near Chernobyl.

Though humans can't live in the area, scientists say it's possible that the number of animals there is now higher than it was 30 years ago. Today, you can find elk, deer, wolves, bison, and dozens of other species near Chernobyl.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Workers arrive at the NSC by bus.

Workers arrive at the NSC by bus.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Water tankers spray nearby roads to prevent radioactive dust from blowing away.

Water tankers spray nearby roads to prevent radioactive dust from blowing away.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

There are plans to demolish the remaining parts of the interior sarcophagus and the damaged reactor unit.

There are plans to demolish the remaining parts of the interior sarcophagus and the damaged reactor unit.

Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Source: Greenpeace

 

 

 

Original Link | 19 stunning photos show what the radioactive area inside the Chernobyl nuclear plant looks like 32 years after the explosion

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