James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents the world’s first machine gun (15 May 1718)

Flier for James Puckle’s 1718 patent revolving firearm, shows various cylinders for use with round and square bullets.

15 May 2018 | Various Sources| Hawkins Bay Dispatch – This Day

James Puckle (1667–1724) was an English inventor, lawyer and writer from London chiefly remembered for his invention of the Defence Gun, better known as the Puckle gun, a multi-shot gun mounted on a stand capable of (depending on which version) firing up to nine rounds per minute.

In 1718, Puckle patented his new invention, the Defence Gun — a tripod-mounted, single-barreled flintlock weapon fitted with a multishot revolving cylinder, designed for shipboard use to prevent boarding.

The barrel was 3 feet (0.91 m) long with a bore of 1.25 inches (32 mm) and a pre-loaded cylinder which held 6-11 charges and could fire 63 shots in seven minutes—this at a time when the standard soldier’s musket could at best be loaded and fired five times per minute.[1]

Puckle demonstrated two versions of the basic design: one, intended for use against Christian enemies, fired conventional round bullets, while the second variant, designed to be used against the Muslim Turks, fired square bullets which were considered to be more damaging and would, according to its patent, convince the Turks of the “benefits of Christian civilization.”[2]

The Puckle gun is one of the first weapons referred to as a machine gun (though its operation does not match the modern definition of the term) and resembles a large revolver.

Early Machine Guns 1482 to 1901

Machine Guns Vegas (Las Vegas)

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Machine Gun America (Orlando)

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In Part 1 of the “Frequently Misused Gun Terms” we went over the top most frequently misused gun terms. But we are not stopping there. There are still a few other terms to add to that list (and probably some more we missed).

We’re not trying to be sticklers here but knowledge is power and next to keeping our patrons and fans safe, keeping them informed is our top priority. The following terms may not be misused quite as frequently as the first batch but are important none the less. The following terms and explanations were best phrased and collected by Guns and Ammo.

Cartridge vs. Bullet vs. Caliber

A “bullet” is merely the projectile that exits the barrel. Specifically, it’s a non-spherical chunk of lead, copper or other material intended for use in a rifled barrel. The bullet’s “caliber” is a numerical approximation of the bullet’s diameter, often expressed in millimeters or hundredths of an inch.
“Bullet” should not be used interchangeably with the term “cartridge” — a bullet is a mere component of it. Cartridges consist of the case, primer, propellant and projectile. In the case of rifles and handguns, the bullet is seated in the cartridge case. Cartridge is also an accurate term for any shot-shell.

Pocket Pistol vs. Sub-Compact Pistol

Every sub-compact pistol is a pocket pistol, but not all pocket pistols are subcompacts.
A sub-compact pistol is simply a small, concealed-carry-friendly version of a particular full-size model. (ex:Springfield XD 9mm Subcompact)
“Pocket pistol,” on the other hand, is a generic, somewhat slangy term for any small handgun suitable for concealed carry in a pocket or otherwise. (ex:Ruger LC9)
In most firearms, the extractor hooks onto the head of a chambered cartridge and pulls it rearward as the action is cycled. The extractor alone does not eject the spent casing — that’s the job of the ejector.
In many semi-automatic firearms, the ejector typically looks like a small blade positioned opposite the ejection port. In a nutshell, the extractor pulls the shell rearward until it contacts the ejector, which flings it out the port.
There are exceptions. Some double-barrel shotguns, for instance, are “extractors-only.” They are equipped to slightly extract spent shells from the chamber, easing removal by the shooter’s fingers. Other double-barrel shotguns have ejectors that spring spent shells from the gun — no need for extractors.

Suppressor vs. Silencer
Many firearm experts believe that the term “silencer” has no correct usage — rather, it’s an inaccurate slang term for “suppressor.” Suppressors aren’t silencers, they argue, because they don’t actually “silence” the firearm. Guns that fire silently exist only in Hollywood. Suppressors merely moderate escaping gases, greatly reducing but not eliminating noise.
The NRA Firearms Sourcebook makes the distinction clear, defining a suppressor as “a device attached to the muzzle of a firearm to reduce the noise of discharge. Sometimes incorrectly called a ‘silencer.”

So there you have it, straight from one of the most well researched and reliable sources out there. There will always be some debate on a handful of terms, the proverbial “toe-may-toe, toe-mah-toe” debates. But there are other terms that are down right necessary for the proper handling and care of firearms. And frankly, to avoid sounding like a newbie at the range. If we left something off the list let us know, we are always on the lookout for more pertinent information to share with our audience and we sure as heck don’t want to be “saying it wrong” either!

Centurion Militaria & Firearm Auctioneers & Appraisers

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Bonnie and Clyde guns bring $210,000 in Missouri auction

KANSAS CITY, Mo (Reuters) – Two guns believed seized from gangsters Bonnie and Clyde in 1933 after a deadly Missouri shootout with police sold for a combined $210,000 at an auction on Saturday in Kansas City to an unnamed online bidder.

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A 45-caliber circa 1921 Thompson submachine gun believed to have been owned and used by Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker is seen in this undated file photo supplied to Reuters by Mayo Auction & Realty in Kansas City January 21, 2012. REUTERS/Mayo Auction & Realty/Handout

The bidder paid $130,000 for a .45-caliber Thompson submachine gun, known as a “Tommy gun” in gangster slang. The same bidder paid $80,000 for an 1897 12-gauge Winchester shotgun.

“We’re happy,” said auctioneer Robert Mayo, owner of Mayo Auction & Realty, which held the auction attended by more than 100 people. As for the bid prices, Mayo said, “Nothing ever surprises me.”

Mayo had not put an estimated value on the guns but said pre-auction online bids had reached $35,000 for the Tommy gun. Three weeks ago, a Missouri gun dealer who once sold a pistol owned by 19th-century outlaw Frank James predicted the Tommy gun would bring at least $25,000.

The guns were seized after a police shootout with Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow in Joplin, Missouri, on April 13, 1933. Police raided an apartment where the couple was hiding out. Bonnie and Clyde escaped, but two officers died in the shootout.

A police officer later gave the weapons to Mark Lairmore, a Tulsa police officer, and they remained in the Lairmore family, according to a Mayo account of the guns’ history.

A great-grandson of Lairmore, also named Mark Lairmore, said the family no longer saw a need for the guns, which had been in a police museum in Springfield, Missouri, from 1973 until late last year.

Several people bid in person on the guns on Saturday, including Michael Brown, who said he was representing a group that wanted the guns for a gangster museum planned in Las Vegas. He bid nearly as much as the winning bidder on each gun and said he especially wanted the Tommy gun.

“There are very few guns with the historic value of that one,” Brown said as he left the building to catch a plane back to Las Vegas. Brown said he hadn’t planned to bid on the second gun but did so after losing out on the Tommy gun. He said he was surprised the second gun went so high.

Mayo talked up the Tommy gun during the bidding as a “unique opportunity to own a piece of history” and he predicted the weapons would sell for much more in the years ahead.

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A 45-caliber circa 1921 Thompson submachine gun believed to have been owned and used by Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker is seen in this undated file photo supplied to Reuters by Mayo Auction & Realty in Kansas City January 21, 2012. REUTERS/Mayo Auction & Realty/Handout

Bonnie and Clyde history buff John Mahoney of Overland Park, Kansas, said he couldn’t resist attending the auction, though he said he had no plans to make a bid.

“Curiosity got the best of me,” Mahoney said. “I’d love to own one, but they are out of my price range.”

Reporting By Kevin Murphy; Editing by Mary Wisniewski and Cynthia Johnston


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