“The United States embargo against Cuba (in Cuba called el bloqueo, “the blockade”) is a commercial, economic, and financial embargo imposed by the United States on Cuba. The United States first imposed an embargo on the sale of arms to Cuba on March 14, 1958, during the Fulgencio Batista regime.
Again on October 19, 1960 (almost two years after the Cuban Revolution had led to the deposition of the Batista regime) the U.S. placed an embargo on exports to Cuba except for food and medicine after Cuba nationalized American-owned Cuban oil refineries without compensation. On February 7, 1962 the embargo was extended to include almost all exports.
As of 2018, the Cuban embargo is enforced mainly through six statutes: the Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the Cuban Assets Control Regulations of 1963, the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992, the Helms–Burton Act of 1996, and the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000.
The stated purpose of the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 is to maintain sanctions on Cuba as long as the Cuban government refuses to move toward “democratization and greater respect for human rights”.
The Helms–Burton Act further restricted United States citizens from doing business in or with Cuba, and mandated restrictions on giving public or private assistance to any successor government in Havana unless and until certain claims against the Cuban government were met.
In 1999 President Bill Clinton expanded the trade embargo by also disallowing foreign subsidiaries of U.S. companies to trade with Cuba. In 2000 Clinton authorized the sale of “humanitarian” U.S. products to Cuba.” Wikipedia
01 November 2018 | Nicholas Sakelaris | UPI
Nov. 1 (UPI) — U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley will accuse Cuba of human rights abuses Thursday and ask other countries to acknowledge them before the annual vote encouraging the U.S. to lift its embargo on the communist nation.
In a series of tweets, the U.S. Mission to the U.N. called for Cuba to grant the freedom of assembly, expression and access to information to its citizens.
“Every year Cuba puts forth a resolution that blames Cuba’s poverty, repression and lack of freedom on the United States,” the U.S. Mission to the U.N. tweeted Wednesday. “Tomorrow the U.N. will hear what we have to say about that and countries will have to vote between Cuba or the U.S. Who will vote with us?”
Every year since 1992, Cuba has asked the U.N. to condemn the U.S. embargo and request that it be lifted. Every year, it passes with only a handful of countries, notably the United States and Israel, voting no.
The exception was in 2016 during a warming of relations between Cuba and the Obama administration, when the U.S. abstained from the vote. Diplomatic relations between Washington and Havana have cooled again during the Trump administration.
Haley, who announced she will step down at the end of the year, will take a different approach this year by proposing eight amendments that draw attention to human rights violations and the lack of civil liberties on the island.
Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez said he’s not worried about Haley’s plans.
“We are sure the amendments will be rejected and that the resolution will receive overwhelming majority support as has happened in the past,” he said. “We don’t think anyone in the hall will buy this attempt to deceive.”
The U.N. vote will coincide with National Security Adviser John Bolton‘s trip to Miami, home of many Cuban exile families, where he will outline the Trump administration’s plans to put pressure on Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.
Two weeks ago, U.S. officials were talking to the U.N. about political prisoners in Cuba when Cuban and Bolivian delegations caused a disturbance, pounding on their desks and yelling.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called it a “childish temper tantrum.”